FASD in Minnesota PDF
exposure (or drinking alcohol during pregnancy) can cause fetal alcohol
spectrum disorders (FASD). FASD refers to a range of conditions
including birth defects, brain injury, and physical, behavioral, and
intellectual disabilities. These conditions
are typically lifelong and irreversible. FASD can be prevented by not drinking
any alcohol during pregnancy.
Because there is no known amount of alcohol that can be considered safe during pregnancy, it is advised by all major medical associations, including the Centers for Disease Control1, the American Academy of Pediatrics2, and the U.S. Surgeon General3, that if a person is pregnant or could become pregnant, they should abstain from drinking alcohol.
is common, costly, and preventable
- Prenatal alcohol exposure is the leading preventable cause of birth defects in the United States.4
- 1 in 9 pregnancies are exposed to alcohol.5
- As many as 1 in 20 children in the US has an FASD.6
- In addition to the typical costs of raising a child, costs for a child with an FASD are an additional $23,000 per year. This includes expenses such as healthcare, special education, and residential care.7
- FASD costs Minnesota an estimated $131 million each year.8
- With the right information and supports, FASD is 100% preventable.9
FASD by the numbers:
- 20% of pregnant women in Minnesota did not receive any message about alcohol use from their doctor or were told they could drink lightly or in moderation.10
- 40% of pregnancies in Minnesota are unplanned.11
- 24% of Minnesotans report binge drinking in the past month.12
- 4% of women in chemical dependency treatment are pregnant.13
- 50% of people with an FASD have been in trouble with the law.14
- 70% of children with an FASD report attention problems at school.15
for Disease Control and Prevention. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs). https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/alcohol-use.html
Academy of Pediatrics. AAP Says No Amount of Alcohol Should Be Considered Safe
During Pregnancy. https://www.aap.org/en-us/about-the-aap/aap-press-room/Pages/AAP-Says-No-Amount-of-Alcohol-Should-be-Considered-Safe-During-Pregnancy.aspx
for Disease Control and Prevention. Notice to Readers: Surgeon General’s
Advisory on Alcohol Use in Pregnancy. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5409a6.htm
JF, Smith VC. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Pediatrics.
- Denny CH,
et al. Consumption of alcohol beverages and binge drinking among pregnant women
aged 18-44 years — United States, 2015-2017. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly
Report (MMWR). 2019;68(16):365-368.
- May et al.
Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in 4 US Communities. JAMA.
- Greenmyer JR et al. A multicountry updated
assessment of the economic impact of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Costs for
children and adults. Journal of Addiction Medicine. 2018;12(6):466-473.
- Lupton C, Burd L, and Harwood R. Cost of fetal
alcohol spectrum disorders. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 2004;127C(671):42-50.
C, Rutman D, Hume S, Van Bibber M, Poole N. Toward an Evaluation Framework for
Community- Based FASD Prevention Programs. Canadian Journal of Program
- Wilder Research. Alcohol
Use and Pregnancy: The Beliefs and Behaviors of Minnesota women. https://www.proofalliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Wilder-2013-Alcohol-Use-in-Pregnancy.pdf
- Guttmacher Institute. State Facts About Unintended Pregnancy:
- Minnesota Department of Human Services, Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Division. Substance Abuse in Minnesota: A State Epidemiological Profile. http://sumn.org/~/media/510/2017_Minnesota_Epi_Profile.pdf
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), 2000-2010, based on data received through
October 10, 2011. http://media.samhsa.gov/data/2k12/TEDS2010N/TEDS2010NTbl2.10.htm
- Millar JA, et al. Educating students with FASD: linking policy,
research and practice. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs.
- Streissguth AP, Bookstein FL, Barr HM, et al.
Risk factors for adverse life outcomes in fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal
alcohol effects. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 2004;25(4):228-238.
Last updated: June 2019