Formerly known as MOFAS: Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Exciting News
from MOFAS

If you're looking for the Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (MOFAS) you have come to the right place. We have some exciting news about our organization. We have a new name! MOFAS has officially been renamed Proof Alliance. Our mission remains the same: to prevent prenatal alcohol exposure and to improve the quality of life for people living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).

Why PR%F

We now have the proof that prenatal alcohol exposure is a leading cause of brain injury in children. We have the proof that FASD is 100% preventable and people living with an FASD can reach 100% of their potential.

Why Alliance?

We seek to build powerful alliances with people with an FASD, their families, legislators, experts in the field, new partners, and community members to bring awareness, research, and services to this field.

What's Next?

Proof Alliance is rebranding, expanding, and we're moving! We have a new logo, website, and prevention campaign to help change the norms around drinking during pregnancy. And in May 2019 we will be moving to a stand-alone building. Proof Alliance commits to the people of Minnesota and we will continue to develop transformative programs to help Minnesotans impacted by FASD.

FASD in Minnesota

FASD in Minnesota PDF

FASD in Minnesota

Prenatal alcohol exposure (or drinking alcohol during pregnancy) can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). FASD refers to a range of conditions including birth defects, brain injury, and physical, behavioral, and intellectual disabilities. These conditions are typically lifelong and irreversible. FASD can be prevented by not drinking any alcohol during pregnancy.

Because there is no known amount of alcohol that can be considered safe during pregnancy, it is advised by all major medical associations, including the Centers for Disease Control1, the American Academy of Pediatrics2, and the U.S. Surgeon General3, that if a person is pregnant or could become pregnant, they should abstain from drinking alcohol.

FASD is common, costly, and preventable

  • Prenatal alcohol exposure is the leading preventable cause of birth defects in the United States.4
  • 1 in 9 pregnancies are exposed to alcohol.5
  • As many as 1 in 20 children in the US has an FASD.6
  • In addition to the typical costs of raising a child, costs for a child with an FASD are an additional $23,000 per year. This includes expenses such as healthcare, special education, and residential care.7
  • FASD costs Minnesota an estimated $131 million each year.8
  • With the right information and supports, FASD is 100% preventable.9

FASD by the numbers:

  • 20% of pregnant women in Minnesota did not receive any message about alcohol use from their doctor or were told they could drink lightly or in moderation.10
  • 40% of pregnancies in Minnesota are unplanned.11
  • 24% of Minnesotans report binge drinking in the past month.12
  • 4% of women in chemical dependency treatment are pregnant.13
  • 50% of people with an FASD have been in trouble with the law.14
  • 70% of children with an FASD report attention problems at school.15


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs).
  2. American Academy of Pediatrics. AAP Says No Amount of Alcohol Should Be Considered Safe During Pregnancy.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Notice to Readers: Surgeon General’s Advisory on Alcohol Use in Pregnancy.
  4. Williams JF, Smith VC. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Pediatrics. 2015;136(5):e1395-406.
  5. Denny CH, et al. Consumption of alcohol beverages and binge drinking among pregnant women aged 18-44 years — United States, 2015-2017. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 2019;68(16):365-368.
  6. May et al. Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in 4 US Communities. JAMA. 2018;319(5):474-482.
  7. Greenmyer JR et al. A multicountry updated assessment of the economic impact of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Costs for children and adults. Journal of Addiction Medicine. 2018;12(6):466-473.
  8. Lupton C, Burd L, and Harwood R. Cost of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 2004;127C(671):42-50.
  9. Hubberstey C, Rutman D, Hume S, Van Bibber M, Poole N. Toward an Evaluation Framework for Community- Based FASD Prevention Programs. Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation. 2015;30(1):79-89.
  10. Wilder Research. Alcohol Use and Pregnancy: The Beliefs and Behaviors of Minnesota women.
  11. Guttmacher Institute. State Facts About Unintended Pregnancy: Minnesota.
  12. Minnesota Department of Human Services, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Division. Substance Abuse in Minnesota: A State Epidemiological Profile.
  13. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), 2000-2010, based on data received through October 10, 2011.
  14. Millar JA, et al. Educating students with FASD: linking policy, research and practice. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs. 2017;17(1):3-17.
  15. Streissguth AP, Bookstein FL, Barr HM, et al. Risk factors for adverse life outcomes in fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 2004;25(4):228-238.

Last updated: June 2019

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