Formerly known as MOFAS: Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Exciting News
from MOFAS

If you're looking for the Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (MOFAS) you have come to the right place. We have some exciting news about our organization. We have a new name! MOFAS has officially been renamed Proof Alliance. Our mission remains the same: to prevent prenatal alcohol exposure and to improve the quality of life for people living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).

Why PR%F

We now have the proof that prenatal alcohol exposure is a leading cause of brain injury in children. We have the proof that FASD is 100% preventable and people living with an FASD can reach 100% of their potential.

Why Alliance?

We seek to build powerful alliances with people with an FASD, their families, legislators, experts in the field, new partners, and community members to bring awareness, research, and services to this field.

What's Next?

Proof Alliance is rebranding, expanding, and we're moving! We have a new logo, website, and prevention campaign to help change the norms around drinking during pregnancy. And in May 2019 we will be moving to a stand-alone building. Proof Alliance commits to the people of Minnesota and we will continue to develop transformative programs to help Minnesotans impacted by FASD.

What is FASD?

What is FASD PDF

What is FASD?

Prenatal alcohol exposure (or drinking alcohol during pregnancy) can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). FASD refers to a range of conditions including birth defects, brain injury, and physical, behavioral, and intellectual disabilities.1 These conditions are lifelong and irreversible.

Characteristics of FASD

The effects of prenatal alcohol exposure can impact each person differently. Some of the signs and characteristics to look for that may indicate the need for an FASD assessment include2-7:

  • Difficulty paying attention
  • Memory issues
  • Poor social skills
  • Impulsivity
  • Hearing or vision problems
  • Difficulty in school
  • Sensitivity to light, touch, or sound
  • Hyperactive behavior

How can FASD be prevented?

FASD is 100% preventable.

FASD can be prevented by not drinking any alcohol during pregnancy. Because there is no known amount of alcohol that can be considered safe during pregnancy, it is advised by all major medical associations, including the Centers for Disease Control8, the American Academy of Pediatrics9, and the U.S. Surgeon General10, that if a person is pregnant or could become pregnant, they should abstain from drinking alcohol. With the right information and supports, FASD is 100% preventable.12

How is FASD diagnosed?

Unfortunately, there is not a simple medical test (such as a blood test) that can be used to confirm a diagnosis. Instead, FASD is diagnosed by a team of trained professionals. To learn more about the screening process, visit our website at

1 in 20 children in the U.S. have an FASD.11

Did you know?

  • As many as 1 in 20 children in the U.S. has an FASD.11
  • In addition to the typical costs of raising a child, costs for a child with an FASD are an additional $23,000 per year. This includes expenses such as healthcare, special education, and residential care.13
  • With the right information and supports, FASD is 100% preventable.12


  1. Rodríguez JJ., Smith VC. Prenatal Opioid and Alcohol Exposure: Understanding Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders to Safeguard Maternal and Child Outcomes. Zero to Three. 2018;38(5):23-28.
  2. Glass L, Mattson SN. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Case Study. J Pediatr Neuropsychol. 2017;3(2):114-135.
  3. Flak et al. The association of mild, moderate, and binge prenatal alcohol exposure and child neuropsychological outcomes: A meta-analysis. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2014;38(1):214-26.
  4. Sood et al. Prenatal alcohol exposure and childhood behavior at age 6 to 7 years: I. Dose response effect. Pediatrics. 2001;108(2):e34.
  5. Subramoney S, Eastman E, Adnams C, Stein DJ, Donald KA. The Early Developmental Outcomes of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: A Review. Frontiers in Neurology. 2018;9(1108).
  6. Glass L, Graham DM, Akshoomoff N, Mattson SN. Cognitive factors contributing to spelling performance in children with prenatal alcohol exposure. Neuropsychology. 2015;29(6):817-828.
  7. Panczakiewicz AL, Glass L, Coles CD, et al. Neurobehavioral deficits consistent across age and sex in youth with prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2016;40(9):1971-1981.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs).
  9. American Academy of Pediatrics. AAP Says No Amount of Alcohol Should Be Considered Safe During Pregnancy.
  10. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Notice to Readers: Surgeon General’s Advisory on Alcohol Use in Pregnancy.
  11. May et al. Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in 4 US Communities. JAMA. 2018;319(5): 474-482.
  12. Hubberstey C, Rutman D, Hume S, Van Bibber M, Poole N. Toward an Evaluation Framework for Community- Based FASD Prevention Programs. Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation. 2015;30(1):79-89.
  13. Greenmyer JR et al. A multicountry updated assessment of the economic impact of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Costs for children and adults. Journal of Addiction Medicine. 2018;12(6);466-473.

Last updated: June 2019

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